Line voltage lighting, also known as high voltage, is typically recommended for large yards and decks since they are designed to handle high currents. Architects may recommend using household currents when you have a large outdoor space with multiple purposes. Like, for instance, when you intend to entertain frequently and cook meals in the outdoor kitchen. That’s because the chances of voltage drop are lower. The voltage drop is the degree to which the voltage in a power line is reduced as it travels from the source through the conductors’ length in the entire setup.
Line Voltage Installation Needs Special Skills
Line voltage systems use the power routed through a junction box, outlet, or electrical panel and you can expect to get 120 volts of electricity, which is standard in the USA. These systems are installed at least 18 inches below ground level. You’ll get a licensed electrician to dig trenches and lay a conduit designed to comply with building electrical codes and protect the power cables from water. The key advantage of using these systems is that you can use higher wattage bulbs ranging from 60-75 watts and 175 up to 250 watts. You can also use different kinds of bulbs such as mercury vapor, fluorescent, metal halide/ceramic metal halide, incandescent, and sodium.
Line Voltage is Usually Used for Commercial Spaces
You can expect that line voltage installation and usage will cost you more than low wattage lighting options. For this reason, this system is usually used for lighting commercial spaces, for security purposes, and spotlighting. Though, you’d save on the cost of transformers or drivers that are essential for low wattage lighting systems. Other areas where you’ll save include light fixtures and dimmer switches that typically cost less for line voltage lighting.
Not quite sure about the technicalities of lighting systems and their suitability for your deck design? Rely on the experts to advise you according to your porch area and requirements.